MAHASKA COUNTY EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY
The 1st Active Shooter Response Program
The ALICE program was authored by a police officer to keep his wife, an elementary school principal, safe after the tragic events at Columbine. Since these humble beginnings, ALICE continues to be the leading active shooter response program in the US.
ALICE is a Proactive Response to a Man Made Threat
The purpose of ALICE (Alert, Lockdown, Inform, Counter, Evacuate) training is to prepare individuals to handle the threat of an Active Shooter. ALICE teaches individuals to participate in their own survival, while leading others to safety. Though no one can guarantee success in this type of situation, this new set of skills will greatly increase the odds of survival should anyone face this form of disaster.
To make it easy to remember in a stressful situation, ALICE is broken up into five strategies: Alert; Lockdown; Inform; Counter and Evacuate.
The purpose of ALERT is to notify as many people as possible within the danger zone that a potentially life threatening risk exists.
The purpose of LOCKDOWN is to secure in place, and prepare to EVACUATE or COUNTER, if needed.
The purpose of INFORM is to continue to communicate the intruder’s location in real time.
The purpose of COUNTER is to interrupt the intruder and make it difficult or impossible to aim. This is a strategy of last resort.
The purpose of EVACUATE is to remove yourself from the danger zone when it is safe to do so.
WHAT IS AN ACTIVE SHOOTER:
Active Shooter, Noun \’ak-tiv\ \’shu-ter\
[Active Shooter Definition] The agreed-upon definition of an “active shooter” by US government agencies (including the White House, US Department of Justice/FBI, US Department of Education, and US Department of Homeland Security/Federal Emergency Management Agency ) is “an individual actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a conﬁned and populated area.”
Active shooter situations are unpredictable and evolve quickly. Because active shooter situations are often over within 10 to 15 minutes, before law enforcement arrives on the scene, individuals must be prepared both mentally and physically to deal with an active shooter situation. In most cases, active shooters use ﬁrearms(s) and there is no pattern or method to their selection of victims. Individuals have been know to act without firearms such was the case in on April 2014 at Franklin Regional High School where 21 students were stabbed. Its for this reason that ALICE also uses the terms: Active Killer; Violent Intruder; and Active Assailant.
Active Shooter – Usage
The term, “active shooter” is used by law enforcement to describe a situation in which a shooing is in progress and an aspect of the crime may affect the protocols used in responding to and reacting at the scene of the incident. Unlike defined crime, such as a murder or mass killing, the active aspect inherently implies that both law enforcement personnel and citizens have the potential to affect the outcome of the event based upon their responses.
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